Before talking about atopic skin we will have to say what atopy is. Atopy is a condition in which there is an exaggerated reaction to allergens especially at the respiratory level and in the skin.
The expression of atopy in the skin is called atopic dermatitis.
What are the main symptoms of atopic skin?
It is mainly characterized by extreme dryness of the skin, which leads to flaking, irritation and causes annoying symptoms such as itching. Atopic dermatitis mainly affects infants and children and can begin as early as 2 to 6 months of age. Many people outgrow it in early adulthood.
It usually appears on the face and on bending areas such as the elbows, knees, inner wrist or scalp, as well as on the legs and buttocks.
What are the main symptoms of atopic skin?
Blisters that form cons and may even ooze
Exaggerated irritation from excessive scratching
Changes in skin color
Redness or swelling around the blisters
Areas of very thick, dry, leathery-looking skin
Both the type of rash and the place where it appears may depend on the age of the person:
In children it usually appears on elbows, knees, hands, scalp.
In adults, the rash may be limited to the hands, eyelids or genitals.
Usually prior to these skin signs, an intense itching usually appears, which is why the rash usually appears after scratching.
What causes atopic skin?
We are talking about a hereditary condition that is fundamental. One in seven children will be atopic if one of their parents is, and one in three if both parents are. However, there must also be external factors that trigger this inflammatory reaction, such as environmental, allergic and dietary factors, and even some items of clothing.Some of these factors are:
Drying of the skin by taking prolonged baths
Sudden temperature changes
Getting too cold or too hot, as well as sudden changes in temperature
Added perfumes in skin lotions or soaps
Toxins in cosmetics
Allergies to pollen, mold, dust mites, or animals
Colds or flus
Contact with irritating materials and chemicals
Contact with rough materials
Can atopic skin be prevented?
Although it is caused by genetic predisposition, it can be controlled by reducing exposure to triggering factors. Another way to avoid its appearance is by using products that keep the skin moisturized.
Genetic predisposition associated with environmental factors (such as heat, pro-irritant products, extreme temperatures, etc.) can be triggers for an outbreak. When an outbreak occurs, it will be necessary to follow the treatment prescribed by your specialist. During the outbreak it is very important to accompany the treatment with the appropriate emollient products.
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Other recommendations to reduce symptoms
Moisturize the skin several times a day
Avoid exposure to toxic triggers.
Avoid strong essential oils
Avoid long showers longer than 10 minutes.
Avoid extreme temperatures and sudden changes in temperature.
Avoid nylon and wool clothing.
Try to avoid allergenic foods by eating a balanced diet, avoiding products such as nuts or dairy products, as well as stimulants such as caffeine or theine.
Keep babies’ and children’s nails clean and short to avoid scratching.
Avoid detergents when washing clothes.
Do not rub when drying after bathing.
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